Artificial Grass Types | Material, Pile Height And Usages

Artificial Grass Types | Material, Pile Height, Usages, & Construction

Artificial turf is the most purposeful alternative to natural grass, introduced as a low-maintenance flooring option for every residential and commercial space. Made from different types of resilient synthetic materials and engineered techniques, it perfectly replicates the look of natural grass.

As it is artificially designed, construction involves different materials that divide it into various categories. In this guide by Dubai Vinyl Flooringwe’ll be guiding you with different artificial grass types depending on their materials. In addition, you’ll discover other options based on their construction, versatility, infill materials, and pile densities.

Artificial Turf Variety Based On Material Type

Best artificial grass turf materials are the prominent aspect that divides this fake grass into different categories. Let’s discover the synthetic construction material range!

1. Nylon Turf

Nylon Turf

Nylon was the first and most resilient material, used to create the replicating artificial grass fibers. It was used because of its excellent feature of sustaining shape and original dimensions for an extended period. It’s still the dominant fiber choice because it is made using heavy-duty fake fibers and grass blades.

Pros:

  • Resistant To UV Radiations
  • Strongly Heat Resistant
  • Cost-effective Option
  • Can Endure High Temperatures
  • Abrasion Resistant

Cons:

  • More Expensive
  • Doesn’t Look More Natural
  • Not Suitable For Non-playing areas
  • Stained By Acidic Dyes

2. Polyethylene Turf

Polyethylene Turf

Polyethylene is another widely used material in the industry due to its highly robust nature. It was first introduced in the 1970s and is still used to make artificial grass for high-foot traffic areas. Polyethylene artificial grass is almost always combined with UV stabilizers; hence, Polyethylene is susceptible to UV degradation, serving as the most long-lasting and useful material in construction.

Pros:

  • It looks more natural
  • Softer Than Nylon
  • Can be Easily Cleaned
  • Doesn’t Produce Odor
  • Offers Resilience
  • Suitable For Every Space
  • Doesn’t Absorb Water & stain

Cons:

  • Not as strong as nylon
  • Cannot bear heavyweight
  • Have Low Melting Points

3. Polypropylene Turf

Polypropylene Turf

Polypropylene (olefin) is the most sustainable choice for outdoor commercial landscaping. Crafted using soft materials, they can only withstand minor wear and tear daily. Depending on the specific product composition, it is still used in manufacturing along with polyethylene for greater resilience.

Pros:

  • The Expensive Choice
  • Perfect For Landscaping
  • Relatively High Melting Point
  • Strongly Moisture Resistant
  • Good for pets and Kids
  • Offer Softness & Aesthetics

Cons:

  • It is not as resilient as nylon
  • Less Durable Option
  • Not UV-resistant like nylon

Types Of Artificial Grass Based On Construction

Artificial Grass types Based On Construction

Turf’s manufacturing involves the addition of different protective elements that contribute to its durability in the long run. Here’s the distinction of these features;

1. UV-Stabilized

The fake turf is made from a polypropylene material that offers excellent stability against UV rays. Because of this synthetic material, this grass won’t get discolored with direct sunlight exposure.

2. Urethane Backing

To withstand the extreme temperature conditions, this fake turf is also available with urethane backing. This backing material greatly helps in stabilizing the fiber blades against temperature fluctuations.

3. Non-flammable

Made from non-flammable materials, this grass offers a high level of resistance against heat. However, under extreme heat conditions like fire, it will begin to melt. So, you must avoid flame contact with this turf.

4. Weather Resistant

Synthetic grass is designed to withstand the outside atmospheric conditions like rain and snow. Their blades won’t get damaged because of temperature fluctuations. Also, this perforated grass allows quick water flow through the drainage system.

Types of Artificial Turf Based On Areas Of Application

Types of Artificial Turf Based On Areas Of Application

Based on their areas of use, this synthetic material grass, is classified into different categories.

1. Indoor Fake Grass

Indoor fake grass is specifically designed with blends of emerald and olive grass blades with a height of about 25mm. Their robust blades are lead- and cadmium-free, which is why they are sustainable and eco-friendly. It is best for hallway entrances, staircases, and kitchens.

2. Outdoor Fake Grass

Artificial turf for outdoor spaces features a height of about 37 mm, which is applicable for various outdoor locations. Manufactured from plastic and polyethylene materials, it is the most sustainable option for balconies, terraces, gardens, front lawns, backyards, decks, and roofing.

3. Commercial Fake Grass

Manufactured using synthetic and rubber materials, fake turf for commercial applications comes with stabilized backing materials to withstand strong winds, heavy rainfall, and windy storms. Due to their high-end resilience, they are the best turf for sports grounds, playgrounds, banquets, poolsides, workspaces, retail stores, hotels, gyms, and landscaping.

Types of Synthetic Turf Based On Pile Heights

Pile height of artificial grass

Depending on the face weight, thickness, yarn, and thatch materials, fake turf is categorized into different types.

1. Low Pile Density

Short pile blade fibers of fake turf are usually 18–25 mm in height. This grass with low-pile yarns is usually constructed from a nylon and polyethylene combination, making it best for residential applications like ornamental lawns, stairs, and entryways.

2. Medium Pile Density

Medium piles come with 30-37mm height. It gives your landscape a natural look and is ideal for most applications. For back and front gardens, this medium pile yarn will work best in any residential or commercial setting.

3. High Pile Density

Long pile fibers range from 38 to 45 mm, and they are made from polypropylene and polyethylene combination. Because of their high pile and resilient fibers, they are good for public areas and playgrounds.

Types of Synthetic Turf Based On Infill Materials

Infill Materials for synthetic turf

To improve the cushioning and stability of fake turf, there are different types of infill materials available to choose one.

1. Silica Sand

Silica sand is the most widely used infill material that contains tiny granules of quartz. These broken-down pieces keep the grass in an upright condition, contributing to better drainage as well.

2. Rubber Crumbs

Crumbed rubber is another option that is made from recycled rubber from vehicle tires. This is known for its cushioned feel that absorbs the impact from sudden falls. Also, it is a cost-effective option.

3. Organic Infill

Organic infill materials are also available as a substitute for rubber crumbs and silica sand. These materials are coconut husk, cork, and peat moss. These materials allow for stability and clean water runoff.

4. Thermoplastic Elastomer

For an elite surface, thermoplastic elastomer (TPE) is a mix of polymers, including plastic, blended with rubber. This is a 100% recyclable and reusable material that also benefits from impact absorption.

To Sum Up!

Synthetic turf is primarily categorized into three categories depending on their construction materials which are nylon, polypropylene, and polyethylene. However, these categories aren’t just limited to manufacturing materials but are rather further divided into manifold options depending on their colors, pile heights, usages, infill materials, and functional aspects.

Considering the pros and cons of each synthetic manufacturing material, you can decide on the best one for your residential and commercial spaces. When you select any of the available artificial turf types, make sure to consider their durability, functionality, cost, and appearance. This informative piece of writing will surely let you familiarize yourself with different synthetic turf types.

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